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wit: Wiimms ISO Tool

Wiimms ISO Tool : It can list, analyze, verify, convert, split, join, patch, mix, extract, compose, rename and compare Wii and GameCube images. It also can create and dump different other Wii file formats.

Contents

1.   Syntax

wit [option]... command [option|parameter|@file]...

2.   Features of wit

Read »Features« for features of the whole toolset.

3.   Commands

VERSION Print program name and version and exit.
HELP H Print help and exit. If the first non option is a valid command name, then a help for the given command is printed.
INFO Print some internal information about the keywords. If the keyword ALL is set or no keyword is entered, then all informations are printed. Possible keywords are: IMAGE-FORMAT and ALL.
TEST Test options: All options are allowed, some are printed.
ERROR ERR Translate an exit code to a message name. If no exit code is entered, print a table with all error messages.
COMPR Scan compression modes and print the normalized names. See option --compression for syntax details. If no mode is given than print a table with all available compression modes and alternative mode names.
FEATURES Check, if the requested features are available. All keywords are possible. If no keyword is used, all supported features are printed. The exit status is 0 for 'all features supported', 1 for 'some features supported' and 2 for 'no feature supported'.
ANAID Analyze the entered IDs and print one line for each ID with 3 columns: HEX_ID, ASCII_ID, Game title.
EXCLUDE Dump the internal exclude database to standard output (stdout).
TITLES Dump the internal title database to standard output (stdout).
GETTITLES Call the script 'load-titles.sh' in the share folder to update the title database.
CERT Collect certificates and eliminate multiple entires of the same certificate. Dump all collected certificates to standard output (stdout) and/or write the certificate to a new binary cert file. The optional parameters are handled like parameters of option --cert.
CREATE Create a system file (TICKET or TMD).
DOLPATCH Patch a dol file. A sub-command is either (upper case are keywords) 'XML=filname' or 'NEW=type,addr,size' or 'NEW=type,AUTO ' or 'LOAD=addr,filename' or 'addr=patch[#cond]', and 'type' is either 'TEXT' or 'DATA'.
FILELIST FLIST List all source files in a table.
FILETYPE FTYPE Print a status line for each source file.
ISOSIZE SIZE Print a status line with size infos for each source file.
DUMP D Dump the data structure and content of Wii and GameCube ISO files, cert.bin, ticket.bin, tmd.bin, header.bin, boot.bin, fst.bin and of DOL-files. The file type is detected automatically by analyzing the content.
ID6 ID Print ID6 of all found ISO files as simple list.
FRAGMENTS Print the image fragments and, if possible, their file system mapping and fragments. If option --brief is set, only the fragment counts are printed. The Mac version can only detect the file system mapping for WBFS partitions.
LIST LS List all found ISO files.
LIST-L LL List all found ISO files with size and region. 'LIST-L' is a shortcut for »LIST --long«.
LIST-LL LLL List all found ISO files with date, size and region. 'LIST-LL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long«.
LIST-LLL LLLL List all found ISO files with date, size and region and add a second status line with more info. 'LIST-LLL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --long«.
FILES F List all files of all discs.
FILES-L FL List all files of all discs. 'FILES-L' is a shortcut for »FILES --long«.
FILES-LL FLL List all files of all discs. 'FILES-LL' is a shortcut for »FILES --long --long«.
DIFF CMP DIFF compares ISO images in scrubbed or raw mode or on file level. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. DIFF works like COPY but comparing source and destination.
FDIFF FCMP FDIFF compares ISO images on file level. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'FDIFF' is a shortcut for »DIFF --files +«.
EXTRACT X Extract all files of each source to new directory structures. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.
COPY CP Copy, scrub, convert, join, split, compose, extract, patch, encrypt and decrypt Wii and GameCube disc images. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.
CONVERT CV Convert, scrub, join, split, compose, extract, patch, encrypt and decrypt Wii and GameCube disc images and replace the source with the result. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. The former command name was SCRUB.

»wit CONVERT« is like »wit COPY« but removes the source and replace it with the new file if copying is successful. It have been implemented as replacement of the SCRUB command of other tools. »wit CONVERT« does more than only scrubbing and therefor it was renamed from 'SCRUB' to 'CONVERT', but the old command name is still allowed.

EDIT ED Edit an existing Wii and GameCube ISO image and patch some values. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.
IMGFILES IF Print a list of all image files including their associated split files. Each file is printed on a separate line for further batch processing.
REMOVE RM Remove images including their associated split files.
MOVE MV Move and rename Wii and GameCube ISO images. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.
RENAME REN Rename the ID6 of discs. Disc title can also be set.
SETTITLE ST Set the disc title of discs.
VERIFY V Verify ISO images (calculate and compare SHA1 checksums) to find bad dumps.
SKELETON SKEL Create very small skeletons of ISO images. A skeleton contains only disc and partition headers for further analysis and is not playable because all files are zeroed.
MIX Mix the partitions from different sources into one new Wii or GameCube disc.

4.   Options in alphabetic order

Options
Option Param Description
--align-files If creating a partition the file 'align-files.txt' is read. Files listed with values >=0x8000 (Wii sector size) are automatically aligned to 0x8000.
--align-part size If creating or moving partitions the beginning of each partition is set to an offset that is a multiple of the align size. Size must be a power of 2 and at least 32 KiB (=default).
--align-wdf [align][,minhole] Parameter align defines the aligning factor for new WDF images. It must be a power of 2 and smaller or equal than 1 GiB. The default WDF alignment is 1 for WDF v1 and 4 for WDF v2. Usual values are 1, 512, 4K and 32K.

The optional parameter minhole defines the minimal hole size, before a new chunk is created. If NULL, an internal value is used to minimize the total file size. minhole can't be smaller than align.

--atime Select 'atime' (last access time) for printing. --atime is an abbreviation of »--time a«.
-a --auto Search WBFS partitions using '/proc/partitions' or searching hard disks in '/dev/' and use all readable as source. This works like »wwt --auto --all«.
--auto-split Enable auto split modus: Split only if necessary and determine the split size automatically.

THIS OPTION IS EXPERIMENTAL. In future versions it becomes the default.

--block-size size If a mismatch is found in raw or disc mode then the comparison is continued with the next block. This option sets the block size. The default value is 32K (Wii sector size). This option is ignored in quiet mode.
--boot-id id This patching option changes the ID of boot.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --boot-id overrides the definition of option --id.
-b --brief Print only a summary.
--cert file Scan a file for certificates and add them to the internal certificate database. Valid sources are CERT, TICKET, TMD and ISO files. All partitions of ISO images are scanned for certificates. Files without certificates are ignored without notification.
--chunk-mode mode Defines an operation mode for --chunk-size and --max-chunks. Allowed keywords are 'ANY' to allow any values, '32K' to force chunk sizes with a multiple of 32 KiB, 'POW2' to force chunk sizes >=32K and with a power of 2 or 'ISO' for ISO images (more restrictive as 'POW2', best for USB loaders). The case of the keyword is ignored. The default key is 'ISO'.

--chm is a shortcut for --chunk-mode.

--chunk-size sz Define the minimal chunk size if creating a CISO or WIA file (for WIA details see option --compression}). The default is to calculate the chunk size from the input file size and find a good value by using a minimal value of 1 MiB for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32 KiB for modes 32K and POW2. For the modes ISO and POW2 the value is rounded up to the next power of 2. This calculation also depends from option --max-chunks.

The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'M' (MiB). If the number is prefixed with a '=' then options --chunk-mode and --max-chunks are ignored and the given value is used without any rounding or changing.

If the input file size is not known (e.g. reading from pipe), its size is assumed as 12 GiB.

--chs is a shortcut for --chunk-size.

-C --ciso Set image output file type to CISO (Compact ISO, same as WBI).
--common-key index This patching option defines the common key index as part of the TICKET. Keywords 0, STANDARD, 1 and KOREAN are accepted.
--compression mode Select one compression method, level and chunk size for new WIA files. The syntax for mode is: [method] [.level] [@factor]

'method' is the name of the method. Possible compressions method are NONE, PURGE, BZIP2, LZMA and LZMA2. There are additional keywords: DEFAULT (=LZMA.5@20), FAST (=BZIP2.3@10), GOOD (=LZMA.5@20) BEST (=LZMA.7@50), and MEM (use best mode in respect to memory limit set by --mem). Additionally the single digit modes 0 (=NONE), 1 (=fast LZMA) .. 9 (=BEST)are defined. These additional keywords may change their meanings if a new compression method is implemented.

'.level' is a point followed by one digit. It defines the compression level. The special value .0 means: Use default compression level (=.5).

'@factor' is a factor for the chunk size. The base size is 2 MiB. The value @0 is replaced by the default factor @20 (40 MiB). If the factor is not set but option --chunk-size is set, the factor will be calculated by using a rounded value of that option.

All three parts are optional. All default values may be changed in the future. --compr is a shortcut for --compression and --wia=mode a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«. The command »wit COMPR« prints an overview about all compression modes.

--copy-gc If extracting a GameCube disc image, don't extract the real files to '/files/...'. Instead create a copy of the source image and store it as 'game.iso'. If the source image is already in this format, try to create a hard link and copy only if it fails.
--ctime Select 'ctime' (last status change time) for printing. --ctime is an abbreviation of »--time c«.
-d --dest path Define a destination path (directory or file). The destination path is scanned for escape sequences (see option --esc) to allow generic paths.
-D --DEST path Like --dest, but create the directory path automatically.
--diff Diff source and destination after copying.
--disc-id id This patching option changes the ID of the disc header to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --disc-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--disc-size size Define a minimal (virtual) ISO disc size.
--domain domain This patching replaces the domain 'nintendowifi.net' by the new domain. The length of the new domain must not be larger than the old length.
--enc encoding Define the encoding mode. The mode is one of NONE, HASHONLY, DECRYPT, ENCRYPT, SIGN or AUTO. The case of the keywords is ignored. The default mode is 'AUTO'.
-E --esc char Define an alternative escape character for destination files. The default is '%'. For Windows (CYGWIN) it is a good choice to set '-E$' to avoid conflicts with command shell variables.
-x --exclude id A comma separated list with ID4 and ID6 values is expected. '.' is a wildcard for exact 1 character and '+' is a wildcard for any number characters. If the parameter begins with a '@' the given file is read and each line is scanned for one ID. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
-X --exclude-path file_or_dir Scan the ID of the source and add it to the exclude list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--fake-sign ruleset Add a certificate selection rule. All certificates that matches the rule set will be fake signed.
--file-limit size This option is only used if comparing discs on file level. If not set or set to null, then all files will be compared. If set to a value greater than comparison is aborted for the current source image if the entered number of files differ. This option is ignored in quiet mode.
-F --files ruleset Append file select rules. This option can be used multiple times to extend the rule list. Rules beginning with a '+' or a '-' are allow or deny rules rules. Rules beginning with a ':' are macros for predefined rule sets.
--flat While extracting a disc image strip all path names of the source file and store all files in the same directory. This option sets the default for --pmode to NONE.
-f --force Force operation.
--fst Set image output mode to 'file system' (extracted ISO).
-G --gcz Set image output file type to GCZ (Dolphins GameCube Zip).
--gcz-block size The value defines the block size, if creating a GCZ image. The default is 16K (also Dolphins default). Smaller values enlarge the managment data and reduce the compression ratio. Use the option with caution!
--gcz-zip If creating a GCZ image, a blockwise z-compression is tried. If the compressed data is larger than 98.5%, the uncompressed data is stored. Encrypted blocks are stored directly as uncompressed data, because the 98.5% test fails all the time.

Option --gcz-zip disables this optimization for encrypted data and makes the creation process slower.

-h --help Stop parsing the command line, print a help message and exit.
--http This patching option replaces 'https' request to 'http' in the files 'main.dol' and 'rel/StaticR.rel', if the files exist. It also replaces the sub-domain 'naswii' to 'nas'.
--id id This patching option changes the ID of the disc to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. The disc header, boot.bin, ticket.bin and tmd.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.
-i --ignore Ignore non existing files/discs without warning. If set twice then all non Wii and GameCube ISO images are ignored too.
--ignore-files ruleset This option defines filter rules to ignore real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing is not necessary, but the partition becomes invalid, because the content of some files is not copied. If such file is accessed the Wii will halt immediately, because the verification of the checksum calculation fails. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.
--ignore-fst Disable composing and ignore FST directories as input.
--ignore-setup While composing ignore the file 'setup.txt', which defines some partition parameters.
-n --include id A comma separated list with ID values is expected. '.' is a wildcard for exact 1 character and '+' is a wildcard for any number characters. If the parameter begins with a '@' the given file is read and each line is scanned for one ID. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--include-first The options --include, --include-path, --exclude and --exclude-path decide which discs are included into the operation. If neither include nor exclude options are used, than all disc are included into the operation. If only include options are used, than only the specified discs are operated. If only exclude options are used, than all all discs but not the excluded are operated.

If include and exclude options are used together and --include-first is not set, than all discs are operated that are specified by any include option and not by any exclude option. If --include-first is set, than all discs are ignored that are specified by any exclude option and not by any include option.

-N --include-path file_or_dir Scan the ID of the source and add it to the include list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--io flags Setup the IO mode for experiments. The standard file IO is based on open() function. The value '1' defines that WBFS IO is based on fopen() function. The value '2' defines the same for ISO files and value '4' for WIA files. You can combine the values by adding them.
--ios ios This patching option defines the system version (IOS to load) within TMD. The format is 'HIGH:LOW' or 'HIGH-LOW' or 'LOW'. If only LOW is set than HIGH is assumed as 1 (standard IOS).
-I --iso Set image output file type to PLAIN ISO.
--itime Select 'itime' (insertion time) for printing. --itime is an abbreviation of »--time i«.
--job-limit num Execute only the first 'num' jobs and exit. If done without errors the exit status is OK (zero).
--lang lang Define the language for titles.
--limit num Limit the output to NUM messages.
-L --logging This debug option enables the logging of internal memory maps. If set twice second level memory maps are printed too.
-l --long Print in long format. Multiple usage possible.
--max-chunks n Define the maximal number of chunks if creating a CISO file. The default value is 8192 for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32760 (maximal value) for all other modes. If this value is set than the automatic calculation of --chunk-size will be modified too.

--mch is a shortcut for --max-chunks.

--mem size This option defines a memory usage limit for compressing files (in MiB if no other unit is entered). When compressing a file with method MEM (see --compression) the the compression method, level and chunk size are selected with respect to this limit.

If this option is not set or the value is 0, then the environment WIT_MEM is tried to read instead. If this fails, the tool tries to find out the total memory by reading /proc/meminfo. The limit is set to 80% of the total memory minus 50 MiB.

--modify list This patching option defines the impact of the options --name and --id. It expects a comma separated list of the following keywords (case ignored) as parameter: NONE, DISC, BOOT, TICKET, TMD, WBFS, TT, ALL and AUTO (default).

All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.

--mtime Select 'mtime' (last modification time) for printing. --mtime is an abbreviation of »--time m«.
--name name This patching option changes the name (disc title) of the disc to the given parameter. Up to 63 characters are expected. The disc header and boot.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.
--neek Abbreviation of »--psel data --pmode none --files :neek --copy-gc«. The old name --sneek is accepted too.
--no-expand Do not expand directories to the containing files or images. This option does not change the behavior of --recurse.
-H --no-header Suppress printing of header and footer.
--no-split Disable output file splitting. This is the default, but in future versions, the new option --auto-split becomes the default.
--no-utf-8 Disables UTF-8 support for filenames.
-0 --null Terminate each output line with a NUL (ASCII 0) character instead with a line feed (LF, ASCII 10).
--numeric Force numeric output instead of printing names.
--old-style Print in old style. This is important for tools and GUIs that are scanning the output.
-1 --one-job Execute only the first job and exit. This is a shortcut for »--job-limit 1«.
--overlay Most partitions have holes (unused areas) in the data section. If combining multiple partitions into one disc it is possible to overlay the partitions so that the data of one partition resides in the hole of other partitions. This option enables this feature. It also limits the number of input partitions to 12, because the calculation is rated as O(2N). 12 partitions can be combined in 479 millions permutations and all are tested with a back tracking algorithm to find the best one.
-o --overwrite Overwrite already existing files without warning.
--pmode p-mode This options set the prefix mode for listed or extracted files. One of the following values is allowed: AUTO, NONE, POINT, ID, NAME, INDEX, COMBI. The default value is 'AUTO'.
--prealloc [=mode] This option enables or disables the disc space preallocation. If enabled the tools try to allocate disc space for the new files before writing the data. This reduces the fragmentation but also disables the sparse effect for preallocated areas.

The optional parameter decides the preallocation mode: OFF (or 0), SMART (or 1), ALL (or 2). If no parameter is set, ALL is used.

Mode 'OFF' disables the preallocation. Mode 'SMART' looks into the source disc to find out the writing areas. SMART is only available for ISO, CISO and WBFS file types. For other file types ALL is used instead. Mode 'ALL' (the default) preallocate the whole destination file. Because of the large holes in plain ISO images, the SMART mode is used for ISOs instead.

-p --preserve Preserve file times (atime+mtime) while copying an image. This option is enabled by default if an unmodified disc image is copied.
-P --progress Print progress counter independent of verbose level.
--psel list This option set the scrubbing mode and defines, which disc partitions are handled. It expects a comma separated list of keywords, numbers and names; all together called parameter. All parameters are case insensitive and non ambiguous abbreviations of keywords are allowed.

Each parameter becomes a rule and each rule is appended to a rule list. Rules prefixed by a minus sign are DENY rules. Rules prefixed by a plus sign or without a prefix are ALLOW rules. Each partition is compared with each rule until a rule matches the partition. If a match it found, the partition is enabled for a ALLOW rule or disabled for a DENY rule.

The allowed keywords are: DATA, UPDATE, CHANNEL, PTAB0 .. PTAB3, ID, ALL, WHOLE and RAW. The following input formats are accepted too: ptype, #index, #<index, #<=index, #>index, #>=index and #tab_index.part_index.

-q --quiet Be quiet and print only error messages.
--raw Abbreviation of »--psel RAW«.
--rdepth depth Set the maximum recurse depth for option --recurse. The default search depth is 10.
--real-path Print real path instead of entered path.
-r --recurse path If path is not a directory, then it is used as a simple source file like --source.

Directories are scanned for source files recursively. The option --rdepth limits the search depth. Hidden files and hidden sub directories (file names begins with a point) and files with non supported file types (non ISO files for most commands) are ignored without notification.

--region region This patching option defines the region of the disc. The region is one of JAPAN, USA, EUROPE, KOREA, FILE or AUTO (default). The case of the keywords is ignored. Unsigned numbers are also accepted.
-R --remove Remove source files/discs if operation is successful. If the source is an extracted file systems (FST) it isn't removed.
--rm-files ruleset This patching option defines filter rules to remove real files and directories from the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.
--scan-progress Print a message for each found image while scanning the file system.
--sections Print in machine readable sections and parameter lines.
-+ --show list This option allows fine control over the things that are to be printed. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: NONE, INTRO, HEADER, SLOTS, GEOMETRY, D-ID, P-ID, P-TAB, P-INFO, P-MAP, D-MAP, W-MAP, TICKET, TMD, USAGE, PATCH, RELOCATE, FILES, UNUSED, OFFSET, SIZE, PATH and ALL. There are some combined keys: ID := D-ID,P-ID, PART := P-INFO,P-ID,P-MAP,TICKET,TMD, DISC := FILES,D-ID,D-MAP, MAP := P-MAP,D-MAP,W-MAP.

All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.

The additional keywords DEC and HEX can be used to set a prefered number format. -HEADER suppresses the output of header lines.

The commands recognize only some of these keywords and ignore the others. If --show is set, option --long is ignored for selecting output elements.

-S --sort list Define the sort mode for listings. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords: NONE, NAME, TITLE, PATH, NINTENDO, FILE, SIZE, OFFSET, REGION, WBFS, NPART, FRAGMENTS, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, TIME = DATE, DEFAULT, ASCENDING, DESCENDING = REVERSE.
-s --source path Use the entered file or directory as source.

Directories are expanded to all containing files but hidden files (file names begins with a point) are ignored. If a command needs only images then non image files of the directory are ignored without notification. The option --no-expand suppress the directory expansion.

-z --split Enable output file splitting. The default split size is 4 GB.
-Z --split-size sz Enable output file splitting and define a split size. The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'G' (GiB).
--technical Force a technical output instead of user friendly text. --tech is a short cut for --technical.
-t --test Run in test mode, modify nothing.

>>> USE THIS OPTION IF UNSURE! <<<

--ticket-id id This patching option changes the ID of ticket.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --ticket-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--time list Set time printing and sorting mode. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: RESET, OFF, ON, SINGLE, MULTI, NONE, ALL, I, M, C, A, DATE, TIME, SEC, IDATE, MDATE, CDATE, ADATE, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, ISEC, MSEC, CSEC, ASEC.
-T --titles file Read file for disc titles. -T0 disables titles lookup.
--tmd-id id This patching option changes the ID of tmd.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --tmd-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--trunc Truncate a PLAIN ISO images to the needed size while creating.
--tt-id id This is a short cut for »--ticket id --tmd id«. If TICKET and TMD differ, the game will freeze after loading. So it makes only sense to change TICKET and TMD IDs together.
-U --unique Eliminate multiple entries with same ID6.
--unit list This option set the output unit for sizes. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: 1000=10, 1024=2, BYTES, K, M, G, T, P, E, KB, MB, GB, TB, PB, EB, KIB, MIB, GIB, TIB, PIB, EIB, HDS, WDS, GAMECUBE=GC, WII, AUTO and DEFAULT.

The values 1000 and 1024 (=default base) set the base factor and BYTES, K, M, G, T, P, E the SI factor. MB is a shortcut for 1000,M and MIB for 1024,M; this is also valid for the other SI factors. AUTO selects a value dependent SI factor.

HDS and WDS forces the output as multiple of the HD or Wii disc sector size (512 or 32768 bytes). GAMECUBE and WII forces the output of a floating point value as multiple of the single layer ISO images size of the given type.

DEFAULT allows the command to select a adequate size unit.

-u --update Copy only files that do not exist. Already existing files are ignored without warning.
--utf-8 Enables UTF-8 support for filenames (default).
-v --verbose Be verbose and print more progress information. Multiple usage is possible: Progress counter is enabled if set at least two times. Extended logging is enabled if set at least four times. The impact of the other verbose levels are command dependent.
-V --version Stop parsing the command line, print a version info and exit.
-B --wbfs Set image output file type to WBFS (Wii Backup File System, default).
--wbfs-id id This patching option changes the ID of the WBFS header to the given parameter if adding a file to a WBFS or if creating a WBFS file. 1 to 6 characters are expected. The already patched disc ID of the source is used as base and only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --wbfs-id overrides the definition of option --id.
-W --wdf [=param] Set the image output file type to WDF (Wii Disc Format). The output format is either WDFv1 or WDFv2. It depends of the input file format and of the aligning. --wdf=param is a short cut for »--wdf --align-wdf=param«.
--wdf1 [=param] Set image output file type to WDF and force version 1. --wdf1=param is a short cut for »--wdf1 --align-wdf=param«.
--wdf2 [=param] Set image output file type to WDF and force version 2. --wdf2=param is a short cut for »--wdf2 --align-wdf=param«.
--wia [=compr] Set image output file type to WIA (Wii ISO Archive). The optional parameter is a compression mode and --wia=mode is a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«.
--width width Define the width (number of columns) for help and some other messages and disable the automatic detection of the terminal width.
--wiimmfi Patch the images for the new custom server. It is a short cut for »--http --domain wiimmfi.de«.
--xhelp Stop parsing the command line and print a help message with all commands included. Exit after printing.
--zero-files ruleset This patching option defines filter rules to zero (set size to zero) real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.