|-t||--test||Run in test mode, modify nothing.
>>> USE THIS OPTION IF UNSURE! <<<
|-T||--titles||file||Read file for disc titles.
|--utf-8||Enables UTF-8 support for filenames (default).|
|--no-utf-8||Disables UTF-8 support for filenames.|
|--lang||lang||Define the language for titles.|
|-a||--auto||Search WBFS partitions using '/proc/partitions' or searching hard disks in '/dev/' and use all readable as source. This works like »wwt --auto --all«.|
|-s||--source||path||Use the entered file or directory as source.
Directories are expanded to all containing files but hidden files (file names begins with a point) are ignored. If a command needs only images then non image files of the directory are ignored without notification. The option --no-expand suppress the directory expansion.
|--no-expand||Do not expand directories to the containing files or images. This option does not change the behavior of --recurse.|
Directories are scanned for source files recursively. The option --rdepth limits the search depth. Hidden files and hidden sub directories (file names begins with a point) and files with non supported file types (non ISO files for most commands) are ignored without notification.
|--rdepth||depth||Set the maximum recurse depth for option --recurse. The default search depth is 10.|
|-x||--exclude||id||A comma separated list with ID4 and ID6 values is expected.
|-X||--exclude-path||file_or_dir||Scan the ID of the source and add it to the exclude list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.|
|-n||--include||id||A comma separated list with ID values is expected.
|-N||--include-path||file_or_dir||Scan the ID of the source and add it to the include list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.|
|--include-first||The options --include, --include-path, --exclude and --exclude-path decide which discs are included into the operation. If neither include nor exclude options are used, than all disc are included into the operation. If only include options are used, than only the specified discs are operated. If only exclude options are used, than all all discs but not the excluded are operated.
If include and exclude options are used together and
|-1||--one-job||Execute only the first job and exit. This is a shortcut for »--job-limit 1«.|
|--job-limit||num||Execute only the first
|-i||--ignore||Ignore non existing files/discs without warning. If set twice then all non Wii and GameCube ISO images are ignored too.|
|--ignore-fst||Disable composing and ignore FST directories as input.|
|--ignore-setup||While composing ignore the file
|--links||Detect soft and hard linked source files while composing or extracting discs and try to create hard links instead of independent copies on the destination file system.|
|--psel||list||This option set the scrubbing mode and defines, which disc partitions are handled. It expects a comma separated list of keywords, numbers and names; all together called parameter. All parameters are case insensitive and non ambiguous abbreviations of keywords are allowed.
Each parameter becomes a rule and each rule is appended to a rule list. Rules prefixed by a minus sign are DENY rules. Rules prefixed by a plus sign or without a prefix are ALLOW rules. Each partition is compared with each rule until a rule matches the partition. If a match it found, the partition is enabled for a ALLOW rule or disabled for a DENY rule.
The allowed keywords are:
|--raw||Abbreviation of »--psel RAW«.|
|--pmode||p-mode||This options set the prefix mode for listed or extracted files. One of the following values is allowed: AUTO, NONE, POINT, ID, NAME, INDEX, COMBI. The default value is
|--flat||While extracting a disc image strip all path names of the source file and store all files in the same directory. This option sets the default for --pmode to
|-F||--files||ruleset||Append file select rules. This option can be used multiple times to extend the rule list. Rules beginning with a '+' or a '-' are allow or deny rules rules. Rules beginning with a ':' are macros for predefined rule sets.|
|--copy-gc||If extracting a GameCube disc image, don't extract the real files to
|--no-link||Don't try to create a hard link if copying the image forced by the option --copy-gc.|
|--neek||Abbreviation of »--psel data --pmode none --files :neek --copy-gc«. The old name --sneek is accepted too.|
|--prealloc||[=mode]||This option enables or disables the disc space preallocation. If enabled the tools try to allocate disc space for the new files before writing the data. This reduces the fragmentation but also disables the sparse effect for preallocated areas.
The optional parameter decides the preallocation mode:
|-S||--sort||list||Define the extracting order. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords: NONE, NAME, SIZE, OFFSET, ASCENDING, DESCENDING = REVERSE.|
|-q||--quiet||Be quiet and print only error messages.|
|-v||--verbose||Be verbose and print more progress information. Multiple usage is possible: Progress counter is enabled if set at least two times. Extended logging is enabled if set at least four times. The impact of the other verbose levels are command dependent.|
|-l||--long||Print a summary line while extracting files. If set at least twice, print a status line for each extracted files.|
|-L||--logging||This debug option enables the logging of internal memory maps. If set twice second level memory maps are printed too.|
|-P||--progress||Print progress counter independent of verbose level.|
|--scan-progress||Print a message for each found image while scanning the file system.|
|--sections||Print in machine readable sections and parameter lines.|
|--enc||encoding||Define the encoding mode. The mode is one of NONE, HASHONLY, DECRYPT, ENCRYPT, SIGN or AUTO. The case of the keywords is ignored. The default mode is 'AUTO'.|
|--modify||list|| This patching option defines the impact of the options --name and --id. It expects a comma separated list of the following keywords (case ignored) as parameter: NONE, DISC, BOOT, TICKET, TMD, WBFS, TT, ALL and
All keywords can be prefixed by
|--name||name||This patching option changes the name (disc title) of the disc to the given parameter. Up to 63 characters are expected. The disc header and boot.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.|
|--id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the disc to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. The disc header, boot.bin, ticket.bin and tmd.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.|
|--disc-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the disc header to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --disc-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--boot-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of boot.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --boot-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--ticket-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of ticket.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --ticket-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--tmd-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of tmd.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --tmd-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--tt-id||id||This is a short cut for »--ticket id --tmd id«. If TICKET and TMD differ, the game will freeze after loading. So it makes only sense to change TICKET and TMD IDs together.|
|--wbfs-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the WBFS header to the given parameter if adding a file to a WBFS or if creating a WBFS file. 1 to 6 characters are expected. The already patched disc ID of the source is used as base and only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --wbfs-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--region||region||This patching option defines the region of the disc. The region is one of
|--common-key||index||This patching option defines the common key index as part of the TICKET. Keywords
|--ios||ios||This patching option defines the system version (IOS to load) within TMD. The format is
|--http||This patching option replaces 'https' request to 'http' in the files 'main.dol' and 'rel/StaticR.rel', if the files exist. It also replaces the sub-domain 'naswii' to 'nas'.|
|--domain||domain||This patching option replaces the domain 'nintendowifi.net' by the new domain. The length of the new domain must not be larger than the old length (16 characters).|
|--wiimmfi||Patch the images for Wiimmfi, the new custom server. It is a short cut for »--http --domain wiimmfi.de«.|
|--rm-files||ruleset||This patching option defines filter rules to remove real files and directories from the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|
|--zero-files||ruleset||This patching option defines filter rules to zero (set size to zero) real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|
|--ignore-files||ruleset||This option defines filter rules to ignore real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing is not necessary, but the partition becomes invalid, because the content of some files is not copied. If such file is accessed the Wii will halt immediately, because the verification of the checksum calculation fails. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|
|--align-part||size||If creating or moving partitions the beginning of each partition is set to an offset that is a multiple of the align size. Size must be a power of 2 and at least 32 KiB (=default).|
|--align-files||If creating a partition the file 'align-files.txt' is read. Files listed with values >=0x8000 (Wii sector size) are automatically aligned to 0x8000.|
|-d||--dest||path||Define a destination path (directory or file). The destination path is scanned for escape sequences (see option --esc) to allow generic paths.|
|-D||--DEST||path||Like --dest, but create the directory path automatically.|
|-E||--esc||char||Define an alternative escape character for destination files. The default is '%'. For Windows (CYGWIN) it is a good choice to set
|-p||--preserve||Preserve file times (atime+mtime) while copying an image. This option is enabled by default if an unmodified disc image is copied.|
|-o||--overwrite||Overwrite already existing files without warning.|
|-u||--update||Copy only files that do not exist. Already existing files are ignored without warning.|
|--diff||Diff source and destination after copying.|
|-R||--remove||Remove source files/discs if operation is successful. If the source is an extracted file systems (FST) it isn't removed.|
|--auto-split||Enable auto split modus: Split only if necessary and determine the split size automatically.
THIS OPTION IS EXPERIMENTAL. In future versions it becomes the default.
|--no-split||Disable output file splitting. This is the default, but in future versions, the new option --auto-split becomes the default.|
|-z||--split||Enable output file splitting. The default split size is 4 GB.|
|-Z||--split-size||sz||Enable output file splitting and define a split size. The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'G' (GiB).|
|--disc-size||size||Define a minimal (virtual) ISO disc size.|
|--trunc||Truncate PLAIN ISO and WBFS images after creating or copying to the minimal needed size with respect to the block size.|
|--chunk-mode||mode||Defines an operation mode for --chunk-size and --max-chunks. Allowed keywords are
|--chunk-size||sz||Define the minimal chunk size if creating a CISO or WIA file (for WIA details see option --compression}). The default is to calculate the chunk size from the input file size and find a good value by using a minimal value of 1 MiB for »--chunk-mode ISO« and
The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'M' (MiB). If the number is prefixed with a
If the input file size is not known (e.g. reading from pipe), its size is assumed as
|--max-chunks||n||Define the maximal number of chunks if creating a CISO file. The default value is 8192 for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32760 (maximal value) for all other modes. If this value is set than the automatic calculation of --chunk-size will be modified too.
|--compression||mode||Select one compression method, level and chunk size for new WIA files. The syntax for mode is:
All three parts are optional. All default values may be changed in the future.
|--mem||size||This option defines a memory usage limit for compressing files (in MiB if no other unit is entered). When compressing a file with method
If this option is not set or the value is 0, then the environment
|-W||--wdf||[=param]||Set the image output file type to WDF (Wii Disc Format). The output format is either WDFv1 or WDFv2. It depends of the input file format and of the aligning. --wdf=param is a short cut for »--wdf --align-wdf=param«.|
|--wdf1||[=param]||Set image output file type to WDF and force version 1. --wdf1=param is a short cut for »--wdf1 --align-wdf=param«.|
|--wdf2||[=param]||Set image output file type to WDF and force version 2. --wdf2=param is a short cut for »--wdf2 --align-wdf=param«.|
The optional parameter
|-I||--iso||Set image output file type to PLAIN ISO.|
|-C||--ciso||Set image output file type to CISO (Compact ISO, same as WBI).|
|-B||--wbfs||Set image output file type to WBFS (Wii Backup File System, default).|
|--wia||[=compr]||Set image output file type to WIA (Wii ISO Archive). The optional parameter is a compression mode and --wia=mode is a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«.|
|-G||--gcz||Set image output file type to GCZ (Dolphins GameCube Zip).|
|--gcz-zip||If creating a GCZ image, a blockwise z-compression is tried. If the compressed data is larger than 98.5%, the uncompressed data is stored. Encrypted blocks are stored directly as uncompressed data, because the 98.5% test fails all the time.
Option --gcz-zip disables this optimization for encrypted data and makes the creation process slower.
|--gcz-block||size||The value defines the block size, if creating a GCZ image. The default is 16K (also Dolphins default). Smaller values enlarge the managment data and reduce the compression ratio. Use the option with caution!|
|--fst||Set image output mode to 'file system' (extracted ISO).|
Each source, that is a Wii or GameCube disc image (ISO image), is candidate for copying. See »Reading an image« for details.
Non ISO files are ignored with a warning. The option --ignore suppresses this warning. Existing files will only be overwritten if option --overwrite is set. If option --update is set, the operation will be silently ignored if the destination file already exists.
The output is scrubbed. The scrubbing can be controlled or disabled with the options --psel and --raw. The options --split and --split-size control the splitting. If option --remove is set then the souce file is removed after successfull operation.
While copying the some parts of the disc content can be patched. The option --psel can remove partitions. The options --id, --name, --region, --ios and --common-key change importand values of the disc and of the data partition. The options --rm-files and --zero-files manipulate the filesystem of the data partition. The option --enc controls the encryption of all partitions. See »Patching and composing options« for details. The command »wit EDIT« can patch a image in place without copying.
The output file format can be selected by option or filename. The destination filename can be filled with esacpe sequences to generate content dependent filenames. See »Writing an image« for details.
0 == OK : all done without errors. SYNTAX ERROR : at least one syntax error in command line found. READ ERROR : error while reading a file. WRITE ERROR : error while writing a file. CANT CREATE : Can't create output file.