While adding a disc you can patch ID, disc title, IOS and region. Objects for patching are disc header, ticket, tmd and boot.bin. If necessary the partitions will be fake signed (trucha sign) automatically.
|VERSION||Print program name and version and exit.|
|HELP||H||Print help and exit. If the first non option is a valid command name, then a help for the given command is printed.|
|INFO||Print some internal information about the keywords. If the keyword
|TEST||Test options: All options are allowed, some are printed.|
|ERROR||ERR||Translate an exit code to a message name. If no exit code is entered, print a table with all error messages.|
|COMPR||Scan compression modes and print the normalized names. See option --compression for syntax details. If no mode is given than print a table with all available compression modes and alternative mode names.|
|FEATURES||Check, if the requested features are available. All keywords are possible. If no keyword is used, all supported features are printed. The exit status is 0 for 'all features supported', 1 for 'some features supported' and 2 for 'no feature supported'.|
|EXCLUDE||Dump the internal exclude database to standard output (stdout).|
|TITLES||Dump the internal title database to standard output (stdout).|
|GETTITLES||Call the script 'load-titles.sh' in the share folder to update the title database.|
|FIND||F||Find WBFS partitions and optionally print some geometric values.|
|SPACE||DF||Print disk space of WBFS partitions.|
|ANALYZE||ANA||Analyze files and partitions for WBFS usage. Try to find old WBFS structures and make calculations for new WBFS.|
|DUMP||D||Dump the data structure of WBFS partitions.|
|ID6||ID||List all ID6 of all discs of WBFS partitions. If the ID list is set use it as selector.|
|LIST||LS||List all discs of WBFS partitions.|
|LIST-L||LL||List all discs of WBFS partitions with size and region. 'LIST-L' is a shortcut for »LIST --long«.|
|LIST-LL||LLL||List all discs of WBFS partitions with date, size and region. 'LIST-LL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long«.|
|LIST-LLL||LLLL||List all discs of WBFS partitions with date, time, size and region. 'LIST-LLL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --long«.|
|LIST-A||LA||List all discs of all WBFS partitions. 'LIST-A' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --auto«.|
|LIST-M||LM||List all discs of WBFS partitions in mixed view. 'LIST-M' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --mixed«.|
|LIST-U||LU||List all discs of WBFS partitions in mixed view. 'LIST-U' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --unique«.|
|LIST-F||LF||List all discs of WBFS partitions and include fragmentation info. 'LIST-F' is a shortcut for »LIST --fragments«.|
|FORMAT||INIT||Initialize (=format) WBFS partitions and files. Combine with --recover to recover discs.|
|RECOVER||Recover deleted discs of WBFS partitions.|
|CHECK||FSCK||Check WBFS partitions and print error listing. To repair WBFS partitions use the option »--repair modelist«.|
|REPAIR||Check WBFS partitions and repair errors. 'REPAIR' is a shortcut for »CHECK --repair standard«.|
|EDIT||Low level edit of slot and block assignments. Dangerous! Read the documentation!|
Phantom discs have no content and only a header is written. This makes adding discs very fast and this is good for testing. The creation process stops if the WBFS becomes full. In this case, the last added image may be shorter as planned.
|TRUNCATE||TR||Truncate WBFS partitions to the really used size.|
|ADD||A||Add Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.|
|UPDATE||U||Add missing Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'UPDATE' is a shortcut for »ADD --update«.|
|NEW||N||Add missing and newer Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'NEW' is a shortcut for »ADD --update --newer«.|
|SYNC||Modify primary WBFS (REMOVE and ADD) until it contains exactly the same discs as all sources together. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'SYNC' is a shortcut for »ADD --sync«.|
|DUP||Duplicate source WBFS files or partitions and create new WBFS files. If multiple sources entered, the destination must be a directory. All used WBFS blocks are copied 1:1 to the destination file and unused blocks are skipped and stored as sparse blocks.|
|EXTRACT||X||Extract discs from WBFS partitions and store them as Wii or GameCube images.|
|SCRUB||Scrub discs of WBFS partitions and rewrite (repair) the WBFS block map. Use '+' as ID6 to scrub all images of the WBFS partitions. Use option --psel=list to remove image partitions.|
|REMOVE||RM||Remove discs from WBFS partitions.|
|RENAME||REN||Rename the ID6 of WBFS discs. Disc title can also be set.|
|SETTITLE||ST||Set the disc title of WBFS discs.|
|TOUCH||Set time stamps of WBFS discs.|
|VERIFY||V||Verify all discs of WBFS (calculate and compare SHA1 checksums) to find bad dumps.|
|SKELETON||SKEL||Create very small skeletons of ISO images. A skeleton contains only disc and partition headers for further analysis and is not playable because all files are zeroed.|
|FILETYPE||FTYPE||Print a status line for each source file.|
|--align-files||If creating a partition the file 'align-files.txt' is read. Files listed with values >=0x8000 (Wii sector size) are automatically aligned to 0x8000.|
|--align-part||size||If creating or moving partitions the beginning of each partition is set to an offset that is a multiple of the align size. Size must be a power of 2 and at least 32 KiB (=default).|
The optional parameter
|-A||--all||Use all WBFS partitions found.|
|--atime||Select 'atime' (last access time) for printing.
|-a||--auto||Search for WBFS partitions using '/proc/partitions' or searching hard disks in '/dev/'.|
|--auto-split||Enable auto split modus: Split only if necessary and determine the split size automatically.
THIS OPTION IS EXPERIMENTAL. In future versions it becomes the default.
|--boot-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of boot.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --boot-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--chunk-mode||mode||Defines an operation mode for --chunk-size and --max-chunks. Allowed keywords are
|--chunk-size||sz||Define the minimal chunk size if creating a CISO or WIA file (for WIA details see option --compression}). The default is to calculate the chunk size from the input file size and find a good value by using a minimal value of 1 MiB for »--chunk-mode ISO« and
The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'M' (MiB). If the number is prefixed with a
If the input file size is not known (e.g. reading from pipe), its size is assumed as
|-C||--ciso||Set image output file type to CISO (Compact ISO, same as WBI).|
|--common-key||index||This patching option defines the common key index as part of the TICKET. Keywords
|--compression||mode||Select one compression method, level and chunk size for new WIA files. The syntax for mode is:
All three parts are optional. All default values may be changed in the future.
|--copy-gc||If extracting a GameCube disc image, don't extract the real files to
|--ctime||Select 'ctime' (last status change time) for printing.
|-d||--dest||path||Define a destination path (directory or file). The destination path is scanned for escape sequences (see option --esc) to allow generic paths.|
|-D||--DEST||path||Like --dest, but create the directory path automatically.|
|--disc-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the disc header to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --disc-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--disc-size||size||Define a minimal (virtual) ISO disc size.|
|--domain||domain||This patching replaces the domain 'nintendowifi.net' by the new domain. The length of the new domain must not be larger than the old length.|
|--enc||encoding||Define the encoding mode. The mode is one of NONE, HASHONLY, DECRYPT, ENCRYPT, SIGN or AUTO. The case of the keywords is ignored. The default mode is 'AUTO'.|
|-E||--esc||char||Define an alternative escape character for destination files. The default is '%'. For Windows (CYGWIN) it is a good choice to set
|-x||--exclude||id||A comma separated list with ID4 and ID6 values is expected.
|-X||--exclude-path||file_or_dir||Scan the ID of the source and add it to the exclude list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.|
|--files||ruleset||Append file select rules. This option can be used multiple times to extend the rule list. Rules beginning with a '+' or a '-' are allow or deny rules rules. Rules beginning with a ':' are macros for predefined rule sets.|
|--flat||While extracting a disc image strip all path names of the source file and store all files in the same directory. This option sets the default for --pmode to
|--fragments||Print fragmentation info instead of region info. --frag is a short cut.|
|--fst||Set image output mode to 'file system' (extracted ISO).|
|--gcz||Set image output file type to GCZ (Dolphins GameCube Zip).|
|--gcz-block||size||The value defines the block size, if creating a GCZ image. The default is 16K (also Dolphins default). Smaller values enlarge the managment data and reduce the compression ratio. Use the option with caution!|
|--gcz-zip||If creating a GCZ image, a blockwise z-compression is tried. If the compressed data is larger than 98.5%, the uncompressed data is stored. Encrypted blocks are stored directly as uncompressed data, because the 98.5% test fails all the time.
Option --gcz-zip disables this optimization for encrypted data and makes the creation process slower.
|-h||--help||Stop parsing the command line, print a help message and exit.|
|--hss||size||Define HD sector size. The parameter 'size' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). Only power of 2 values larger or equal 512 are accepted. The default value is 512.|
|--http||This patching option replaces 'https' request to 'http' in the files 'main.dol' and 'rel/StaticR.rel', if the files exist. It also replaces the sub-domain 'naswii' to 'nas'.|
|--id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the disc to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. The disc header, boot.bin, ticket.bin and tmd.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.|
|-i||--ignore||Ignore non existing files/discs without warning. If set twice then all non Wii and GameCube ISO images are ignored too.|
|--ignore-files||ruleset||This option defines filter rules to ignore real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing is not necessary, but the partition becomes invalid, because the content of some files is not copied. If such file is accessed the Wii will halt immediately, because the verification of the checksum calculation fails. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|
|--ignore-fst||Disable composing and ignore FST directories as input.|
|--ignore-setup||While composing ignore the file
|-n||--include||id||A comma separated list with ID values is expected.
|--include-first||The options --include, --include-path, --exclude and --exclude-path decide which discs are included into the operation. If neither include nor exclude options are used, than all disc are included into the operation. If only include options are used, than only the specified discs are operated. If only exclude options are used, than all all discs but not the excluded are operated.
If include and exclude options are used together and
|-N||--include-path||file_or_dir||Scan the ID of the source and add it to the include list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.|
|--inode||Print information for all inodes (invalid discs too).|
|--io||flags||Setup the IO mode for experiments. The standard file IO is based on open() function. The value '1' defines that WBFS IO is based on fopen() function. The value '2' defines the same for ISO files and value '4' for WIA files. You can combine the values by adding them.|
|--ios||ios||This patching option defines the system version (IOS to load) within TMD. The format is
|-I||--iso||Set image output file type to PLAIN ISO.|
|--itime||Select 'itime' (insertion time) for printing.
|--job-limit||num||Execute only the first
|--lang||lang||Define the language for titles.|
|--limit||num||Limit the output to NUM messages.|
|--links||Detect soft and hard linked source files while composing or extracting discs and try to create hard links instead of independent copies on the destination file system.|
|-L||--logging||This debug option enables the logging of internal memory maps. If set twice second level memory maps are printed too.|
|-l||--long||Print in long format. Multiple usage possible.|
|--max-chunks||n||Define the maximal number of chunks if creating a CISO file. The default value is 8192 for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32760 (maximal value) for all other modes. If this value is set than the automatic calculation of --chunk-size will be modified too.
|--mem||size||This option defines a memory usage limit for compressing files (in MiB if no other unit is entered). When compressing a file with method
If this option is not set or the value is 0, then the environment
|-M||--mixed||Print disc infos of all WBFS in one combined table.|
|--modify||list|| This patching option defines the impact of the options --name and --id. It expects a comma separated list of the following keywords (case ignored) as parameter: NONE, DISC, BOOT, TICKET, TMD, WBFS, TT, ALL and
All keywords can be prefixed by
|--mtime||Select 'mtime' (last modification time) for printing.
|--name||name||This patching option changes the name (disc title) of the disc to the given parameter. Up to 63 characters are expected. The disc header and boot.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.|
|--neek||Abbreviation of »--psel data --pmode none --files :neek --copy-gc«. The old name --sneek is accepted too.|
|-e||--newer||If source and destination have valid mtimes: Copy only if source is newer.|
|--no-check||Disable automatic check of WBFS before modificastions.|
|--no-expand||Do not expand directories to the containing files or images. This option does not change the behavior of --recurse.|
|--no-free||The discs are only dropped (slot is marked free), but the correspondent blocks are not freed. You should run CHECK or REPAIR to repair the WBFS after using this option.|
|-H||--no-header||Suppress printing of header and footer.|
|--no-link||Don't try to create a hard link if copying the image forced by the option --copy-gc.|
|--no-split||Disable output file splitting. This is the default, but in future versions, the new option --auto-split becomes the default.|
|--no-utf-8||Disables UTF-8 support for filenames.|
|--numeric||Force numeric output instead of printing names.|
|--old-style||Print in old style. This is important for tools and GUIs that are scanning the output.|
|-1||--one-job||Execute only the first job and exit. This is a shortcut for »--job-limit 1«.|
|-o||--overwrite||Overwrite already existing files without warning.|
|-p||--part||part||Define a primary WBFS file or partition. Multiple usage possible.|
|--pmode||p-mode||This options set the prefix mode for listed or extracted files. One of the following values is allowed: AUTO, NONE, POINT, ID, NAME, INDEX, COMBI. The default value is
|--prealloc||[=mode]||This option enables or disables the disc space preallocation. If enabled the tools try to allocate disc space for the new files before writing the data. This reduces the fragmentation but also disables the sparse effect for preallocated areas.
The optional parameter decides the preallocation mode:
|-P||--progress||Print progress counter independent of verbose level.|
|--psel||list||This option set the scrubbing mode and defines, which disc partitions are handled. It expects a comma separated list of keywords, numbers and names; all together called parameter. All parameters are case insensitive and non ambiguous abbreviations of keywords are allowed.
Each parameter becomes a rule and each rule is appended to a rule list. Rules prefixed by a minus sign are DENY rules. Rules prefixed by a plus sign or without a prefix are ALLOW rules. Each partition is compared with each rule until a rule matches the partition. If a match it found, the partition is enabled for a ALLOW rule or disabled for a DENY rule.
The allowed keywords are:
|-q||--quiet||Be quiet and print only error messages.|
|--raw||Abbreviation of »--psel RAW«.|
|--rdepth||depth||Set the maximum recurse depth for option --recurse. The default search depth is 10.|
|--recover||Format a WBFS in recover mode: Write the WBFS sector, but don't reset the disc info area. Then look into each disc slot to find valid discs and restore them.|
Directories are scanned for source files recursively. The option --rdepth limits the search depth. Hidden files and hidden sub directories (file names begins with a point) and files with non supported file types (non ISO files for most commands) are ignored without notification.
|--region||region||This patching option defines the region of the disc. The region is one of
|-R||--remove||Remove source files/discs if operation is successful. If the source is an extracted file systems (FST) it isn't removed.|
|--repair||mode||This option defines how to repair WBFS errors. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: NONE, FBT, INODES, STANDARD, RM-INVALID, RM-OVERLAP, RM-FREE, RM-EMPTY, RM-ALL, ALL.
All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.
|--rm-files||ruleset||This patching option defines filter rules to remove real files and directories from the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|
|--scan-progress||Print a message for each found image while scanning the file system.|
|--sections||Print in machine readable sections and parameter lines.|
|--set-time||time||Use given time instead of current time.|
|-+||--show||list||This option allows fine control over the things that are to be printed. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: NONE, INTRO, HEADER, SLOTS, GEOMETRY, D-ID, P-ID, P-TAB, P-INFO, P-MAP, D-MAP, W-MAP, TICKET, TMD, USAGE, PATCH, RELOCATE, FILES, UNUSED, OFFSET, SIZE, PATH and
All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.
The additional keywords
The commands recognize only some of these keywords and ignore the others. If
|-s||--size||size||Define then total size of a WBFS file.
|-S||--sort||list||Define the sort mode for listings. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords: NONE, NAME, TITLE, PATH, NINTENDO, FILE, SIZE, OFFSET, REGION, WBFS, NPART, FRAGMENTS, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, TIME = DATE, DEFAULT, ASCENDING, DESCENDING = REVERSE.|
|--source||path||Use the entered file or directory as source.
Directories are expanded to all containing files but hidden files (file names begins with a point) are ignored. If a command needs only images then non image files of the directory are ignored without notification. The option --no-expand suppress the directory expansion.
|-z||--split||Enable output file splitting. The default split size is 4 GB.|
|-Z||--split-size||sz||Enable output file splitting and define a split size. The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'G' (GiB).|
|-y||--sync||Synchronize the destination with all sources: Remove and copy discs until the destination WBFS contains exactly the same discs as all sources together. Remove and add only discs in respect to the include and exclude lists.|
|--sync-all||Synchronize the destination with all sources like --sync. But use the include and exclude lists only to create the sync list and remove all disc on the destination WBFS that are not part of the sync list.|
|--technical||Force a technical output instead of user friendly text. --tech is a short cut for --technical.|
|-t||--test||Run in test mode, modify nothing.
>>> USE THIS OPTION IF UNSURE! <<<
|--ticket-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of ticket.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --ticket-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--time||list||Set time printing and sorting mode. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: RESET, OFF, ON, SINGLE, MULTI, NONE, ALL, I, M, C, A, DATE, TIME, SEC, IDATE, MDATE, CDATE, ADATE, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, ISEC, MSEC, CSEC, ASEC.|
|-T||--titles||file||Read file for disc titles. -T0 disables titles lookup.|
|--tmd-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of tmd.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --tmd-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|--trunc||Truncate a PLAIN ISO images to the needed size while creating.|
|--tt-id||id||This is a short cut for »--ticket id --tmd id«. If TICKET and TMD differ, the game will freeze after loading. So it makes only sense to change TICKET and TMD IDs together.|
|-U||--unique||Eliminate multiple entries with same values.|
|-u||--update||Copy only non existing discs.|
|--utf-8||Enables UTF-8 support for filenames (default).|
|-v||--verbose||Be verbose and print more progress information. Multiple usage is possible: Progress counter is enabled if set at least two times. Extended logging is enabled if set at least four times. The impact of the other verbose levels are command dependent.|
|-V||--version||Stop parsing the command line, print a version info and exit.|
|-B||--wbfs||Set image output file type to WBFS (Wii Backup File System, default).|
|--wbfs-alloc||mode||Select one WBFS block allocation modus:
|--wbfs-id||id||This patching option changes the ID of the WBFS header to the given parameter if adding a file to a WBFS or if creating a WBFS file. 1 to 6 characters are expected. The already patched disc ID of the source is used as base and only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --wbfs-id overrides the definition of option --id.|
|-W||--wdf||[=param]||Set the image output file type to WDF (Wii Disc Format). The output format is either WDFv1 or WDFv2. It depends of the input file format and of the aligning. --wdf=param is a short cut for »--wdf --align-wdf=param«.|
|--wdf1||[=param]||Set image output file type to WDF and force version 1. --wdf1=param is a short cut for »--wdf1 --align-wdf=param«.|
|--wdf2||[=param]||Set image output file type to WDF and force version 2. --wdf2=param is a short cut for »--wdf2 --align-wdf=param«.|
|--wia||[=compr]||Set image output file type to WIA (Wii ISO Archive). The optional parameter is a compression mode and --wia=mode is a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«.|
|--width||width||Define the width (number of columns) for help and some other messages and disable the automatic detection of the terminal width.|
|--wiimmfi||Patch the images for the new custom server. It is a short cut for »--http --domain wiimmfi.de«.|
|--wss||size||Define WBFS sector size. The parameter 'size' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). Only power of 2 values larger or equal 1024 are accepted. If not set the WBFS sector size is calculated automatically.|
|--xhelp||Stop parsing the command line and print a help message with all commands included. Exit after printing.|
|--zero-files||ruleset||This patching option defines filter rules to zero (set size to zero) real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.|