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wwt: Wiimms WBFS Tool

Wiimms WBFS Tool (WBFS manager) : It can create, check, repair, verify and clone WBFS files and partitions. It can list, add, extract, remove, rename and recover ISO images as part of a WBFS.

Contents

1.   Syntax

wwt [option]... command [option|parameter|@file]...

2.   Features of wwt

Read »Features« for features of the whole toolset.

3.   Commands

VERSION Print program name and version and exit.
HELP H Print help and exit. If the first non option is a valid command name, then a help for the given command is printed.
INFO Print some internal information about the keywords. If the keyword ALL is set or no keyword is entered, then all informations are printed. Possible keywords are: IMAGE-FORMAT and ALL.
TEST Test options: All options are allowed, some are printed.
ERROR ERR Translate an exit code to a message name. If no exit code is entered, print a table with all error messages.
COMPR Scan compression modes and print the normalized names. See option --compression for syntax details. If no mode is given than print a table with all available compression modes and alternative mode names.
FEATURES Check, if the requested features are available. All keywords are possible. If no keyword is used, all supported features are printed. The exit status is 0 for 'all features supported', 1 for 'some features supported' and 2 for 'no feature supported'.
EXCLUDE Dump the internal exclude database to standard output (stdout).
TITLES Dump the internal title database to standard output (stdout).
GETTITLES Call the script 'load-titles.sh' in the share folder to update the title database.
FIND F Find WBFS partitions and optionally print some geometric values.
SPACE DF Print disk space of WBFS partitions.
ANALYZE ANA Analyze files and partitions for WBFS usage. Try to find old WBFS structures and make calculations for new WBFS.
DUMP D Dump the data structure of WBFS partitions.
ID6 ID List all ID6 of all discs of WBFS partitions. If the ID list is set use it as selector.
LIST LS List all discs of WBFS partitions.
LIST-L LL List all discs of WBFS partitions with size and region. 'LIST-L' is a shortcut for »LIST --long«.
LIST-LL LLL List all discs of WBFS partitions with date, size and region. 'LIST-LL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long«.
LIST-LLL LLLL List all discs of WBFS partitions with date, time, size and region. 'LIST-LLL' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --long«.
LIST-A LA List all discs of all WBFS partitions. 'LIST-A' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --auto«.
LIST-M LM List all discs of WBFS partitions in mixed view. 'LIST-M' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --mixed«.
LIST-U LU List all discs of WBFS partitions in mixed view. 'LIST-U' is a shortcut for »LIST --long --long --unique«.
LIST-F LF List all discs of WBFS partitions and include fragmentation info. 'LIST-F' is a shortcut for »LIST --fragments«.
FORMAT INIT Initialize (=format) WBFS partitions and files. Combine with --recover to recover discs.
RECOVER Recover deleted discs of WBFS partitions.
CHECK FSCK Check WBFS partitions and print error listing. To repair WBFS partitions use the option »--repair modelist«.
REPAIR Check WBFS partitions and repair errors. 'REPAIR' is a shortcut for »CHECK --repair standard«.
EDIT Low level edit of slot and block assignments. Dangerous! Read the documentation!
PHANTOM Add NUM phantom discs with entered SIZE (default unit 'g') with a generic ID6 ('PHT###' where '###' is the smallest not already used integer). If NUM and/or SIZE are ranges use random values from this range.

Phantom discs have no content and only a header is written. This makes adding discs very fast and this is good for testing. The creation process stops if the WBFS becomes full. In this case, the last added image may be shorter as planned.

TRUNCATE TR Truncate WBFS partitions to the really used size.
ADD A Add Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source.
UPDATE U Add missing Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'UPDATE' is a shortcut for »ADD --update«.
NEW N Add missing and newer Wii and GameCube ISO discs to WBFS partitions. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'NEW' is a shortcut for »ADD --update --newer«.
SYNC Modify primary WBFS (REMOVE and ADD) until it contains exactly the same discs as all sources together. Images, WBFS partitions and directories are accepted as source. 'SYNC' is a shortcut for »ADD --sync«.
DUP Duplicate source WBFS files or partitions and create new WBFS files. If multiple sources entered, the destination must be a directory. All used WBFS blocks are copied 1:1 to the destination file and unused blocks are skipped and stored as sparse blocks.
EXTRACT X Extract discs from WBFS partitions and store them as Wii or GameCube images.
SCRUB Scrub discs of WBFS partitions and rewrite (repair) the WBFS block map. Use '+' as ID6 to scrub all images of the WBFS partitions. Use option --psel=list to remove image partitions.
REMOVE RM Remove discs from WBFS partitions.
RENAME REN Rename the ID6 of WBFS discs. Disc title can also be set.
SETTITLE ST Set the disc title of WBFS discs.
TOUCH Set time stamps of WBFS discs.
VERIFY V Verify all discs of WBFS (calculate and compare SHA1 check sums) to find bad dumps.
SKELETON SKEL Create very small skeletons of ISO images. A skeleton contains only disc and partition headers for further analysis and is not playable because all files are zeroed.
FILETYPE FTYPE Print a status line for each source file.

4.   Options in alphabetic order

Options
Option Param Description
--align-files If creating a partition the file 'align-files.txt' is read. Files listed with values >=0x8000 (Wii sector size) are automatically aligned to 0x8000.
--align-part size If creating or moving partitions the beginning of each partition is set to an offset that is a multiple of the align size. Size must be a power of 2 and at least 32 KiB (=default).
--align-wdf [align][,minhole] Parameter align defines the aligning factor for new WDF images. It must be a power of 2 and smaller or equal than 1 GiB. The default WDF alignment is 1 for WDF v1 and 4 for WDF v2. Usual values are 1, 512, 4K and 32K.

The optional parameter minhole defines the minimal hole size, before a new chunk is created. If NULL, an internal value is used to minimize the total file size. minhole can't be smaller than align.

-A --all Use all WBFS partitions found.
--atime Select 'atime' (last access time) for printing. --atime is an abbreviation of »--time a«.
-a --auto Search for WBFS partitions using '/proc/partitions' or searching hard disks in '/dev/'.
--auto-split Enable auto split modus: Split only if necessary and determine the split size automatically.

THIS OPTION IS EXPERIMENTAL. In future versions it becomes the default.

--boot-id id This patching option changes the ID of boot.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --boot-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--chunk-mode mode Defines an operation mode for --chunk-size and --max-chunks. Allowed keywords are 'ANY' to allow any values, '32K' to force chunk sizes with a multiple of 32 KiB, 'POW2' to force chunk sizes >=32K and with a power of 2 or 'ISO' for ISO images (more restrictive as 'POW2', best for USB loaders). The case of the keyword is ignored. The default key is 'ISO'.

--chm is a shortcut for --chunk-mode.

--chunk-size sz Define the minimal chunk size if creating a CISO or WIA file (for WIA details see option --compression}). The default is to calculate the chunk size from the input file size and find a good value by using a minimal value of 1 MiB for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32 KiB for modes 32K and POW2. For the modes ISO and POW2 the value is rounded up to the next power of 2. This calculation also depends from option --max-chunks.

The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'M' (MiB). If the number is prefixed with a '=' then options --chunk-mode and --max-chunks are ignored and the given value is used without any rounding or changing.

If the input file size is not known (e.g. reading from pipe), its size is assumed as 12 GiB.

--chs is a shortcut for --chunk-size.

-C --ciso Set image output file type to CISO (Compact ISO, same as WBI).
--common-key index This patching option defines the common key index as part of the TICKET. Keywords 0, STANDARD, 1 and KOREAN are accepted.
--compression mode Select one compression method, level and chunk size for new WIA files. The syntax for mode is: [method] [.level] [@factor]

'method' is the name of the method. Possible compressions method are NONE, PURGE, BZIP2, LZMA and LZMA2. There are additional keywords: DEFAULT (=LZMA.5@20), FAST (=BZIP2.3@10), GOOD (=LZMA.5@20) BEST (=LZMA.7@50), and MEM (use best mode in respect to memory limit set by --mem). Additionally the single digit modes 0 (=NONE), 1 (=fast LZMA) .. 9 (=BEST)are defined. These additional keywords may change their meanings if a new compression method is implemented.

'.level' is a point followed by one digit. It defines the compression level. The special value .0 means: Use default compression level (=.5).

'@factor' is a factor for the chunk size. The base size is 2 MiB. The value @0 is replaced by the default factor @20 (40 MiB). If the factor is not set but option --chunk-size is set, the factor will be calculated by using a rounded value of that option.

All three parts are optional. All default values may be changed in the future. --compr is a shortcut for --compression and --wia=mode a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«. The command »wit COMPR« prints an overview about all compression modes.

--copy-gc If extracting a GameCube disc image, don't extract the real files to '/files/...'. Instead create a copy of the source image and store it as 'game.iso'. If the source image is already in this format, try to create a hard link and copy only if it fails.
--ctime Select 'ctime' (last status change time) for printing. --ctime is an abbreviation of »--time c«.
-d --dest path Define a destination path (directory or file). The destination path is scanned for escape sequences (see option --esc) to allow generic paths.
-D --DEST path Like --dest, but create the directory path automatically.
--disc-id id This patching option changes the ID of the disc header to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --disc-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--disc-size size Define a minimal (virtual) ISO disc size.
--enc encoding Define the encoding mode. The mode is one of NONE, HASHONLY, DECRYPT, ENCRYPT, SIGN or AUTO. The case of the keywords is ignored. The default mode is 'AUTO'.
-E --esc char Define an alternative escape character for destination files. The default is '%'. For Windows (CYGWIN) it is a good choice to set '-E$' to avoid conflicts with command shell variables.
-x --exclude id A comma separated list with ID4 and ID6 values is expected. '.' is a wildcard for exact 1 character and '+' is a wildcard for any number characters. If the parameter begins with a '@' the given file is read and each line is scanned for one ID. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
-X --exclude-path file_or_dir Scan the ID of the source and add it to the exclude list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Images with the given ID are excluded from operation. Each use of this option expands the exclude list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--files ruleset Append file select rules. This option can be used multiple times to extend the rule list. Rules beginning with a '+' or a '-' are allow or deny rules rules. Rules beginning with a ':' are macros for predefined rule sets.
--flat While extracting a disc image strip all path names of the source file and store all files in the same directory. This option sets the default for --pmode to NONE.
-f --force Force operation.
--fragments Print fragmentation info instead of region info. --frag is a short cut.
--fst Set image output mode to 'file system' (extracted ISO).
--gcz Set image output file type to GCZ (Dolphins GameCube Zip).
--gcz-block size The value defines the block size, if creating a GCZ image. The default is 16K (also Dolphins default). Smaller values enlarge the managment data and reduce the compression ratio. Use the option with caution!
--gcz-zip If creating a GCZ image, a blockwise z-compression is tried. If the compressed data is larger than 98.5%, the uncompressed data is stored. Encrypted blocks are stored directly as uncompressed data, because the 98.5% test fails all the time.

Option --gcz-zip disables this optimization for encrypted data and makes the creation process slower.

-h --help Stop parsing the command line, print a help message and exit.
--hss size Define HD sector size. The parameter 'size' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). Only power of 2 values larger or equal 512 are accepted. The default value is 512.
--id id This patching option changes the ID of the disc to the given parameter. 1 to 6 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. The disc header, boot.bin, ticket.bin and tmd.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.
-i --ignore Ignore non existing files/discs without warning. If set twice then all non Wii and GameCube ISO images are ignored too.
--ignore-files ruleset This option defines filter rules to ignore real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing is not necessary, but the partition becomes invalid, because the content of some files is not copied. If such file is accessed the Wii will halt immediately, because the verification of the check sum calculation fails. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.
--ignore-fst Disable composing and ignore FST directories as input.
--ignore-setup While composing ignore the file 'setup.txt', which defines some partition parameters.
-n --include id A comma separated list with ID values is expected. '.' is a wildcard for exact 1 character and '+' is a wildcard for any number characters. If the parameter begins with a '@' the given file is read and each line is scanned for one ID. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--include-first The options --include, --include-path, --exclude and --exclude-path decide which discs are included into the operation. If neither include nor exclude options are used, than all disc are included into the operation. If only include options are used, than only the specified discs are operated. If only exclude options are used, than all all discs but not the excluded are operated.

If include and exclude options are used together and --include-first is not set, than all discs are operated that are specified by any include option and not by any exclude option. If --include-first is set, than all discs are ignored that are specified by any exclude option and not by any include option.

-N --include-path file_or_dir Scan the ID of the source and add it to the include list. If the source is a directory then scan all images of the directory. Only images with the given ID are included into the operation. Each use of this option expands the include list. See --include-first for precedence issues.
--inode Print information for all inodes (invalid discs too).
--io flags Setup the IO mode for experiments. The standard file IO is based on open() function. The value '1' defines that WBFS IO is based on fopen() function. The value '2' defines the same for ISO files and value '4' for WIA files. You can combine the values by adding them.
--ios ios This patching option defines the system version (IOS to load) within TMD. The format is 'HIGH:LOW' or 'HIGH-LOW' or 'LOW'. If only LOW is set than HIGH is assumed as 1 (standard IOS).
-I --iso Set image output file type to PLAIN ISO.
--itime Select 'itime' (insertion time) for printing. --itime is an abbreviation of »--time i«.
--job-limit num Execute only the first 'num' jobs and exit. If done without errors the exit status is OK (zero).
--lang lang Define the language for titles.
--limit num Limit the output to NUM messages.
-L --logging This debug option enables the logging of internal memory maps. If set twice second level memory maps are printed too.
-l --long Print in long format. Multiple usage possible.
--max-chunks n Define the maximal number of chunks if creating a CISO file. The default value is 8192 for »--chunk-mode ISO« and 32760 (maximal value) for all other modes. If this value is set than the automatic calculation of --chunk-size will be modified too.

--mch is a shortcut for --max-chunks.

--mem size This option defines a memory usage limit for compressing files (in MiB if no other unit is entered). When compressing a file with method MEM (see --compression) the the compression method, level and chunk size are selected with respect to this limit.

If this option is not set or the value is 0, then the environment WIT_MEM is tried to read instead. If this fails, the tool tries to find out the total memory by reading /proc/meminfo. The limit is set to 80% of the total memory minus 50 MiB.

-M --mixed Print disc infos of all WBFS in one combined table.
--modify list This patching option defines the impact of the options --name and --id. It expects a comma separated list of the following keywords (case ignored) as parameter: NONE, DISC, BOOT, TICKET, TMD, WBFS, TT, ALL and AUTO (default).

All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.

--mtime Select 'mtime' (last modification time) for printing. --mtime is an abbreviation of »--time m«.
--name name This patching option changes the name (disc title) of the disc to the given parameter. Up to 63 characters are expected. The disc header and boot.bin are objects to modify. The option --modify selects the objects.
--neek Abbreviation of »--psel data --pmode none --files :neek --copy-gc«. The old name --sneek is accepted too.
-e --newer If source and destination have valid mtimes: Copy only if source is newer.
--no-check Disable automatic check of WBFS before modificastions.
--no-expand Do not expand directories to the containing files or images. This option does not change the behavior of --recurse.
--no-free The discs are only dropped (slot is marked free), but the correspondent blocks are not freed. You should run CHECK or REPAIR to repair the WBFS after using this option.
-H --no-header Suppress printing of header and footer.
--no-split Disable output file splitting. This is the default, but in future versions, the new option --auto-split becomes the default.
--no-utf-8 Disables UTF-8 support for filenames.
--numeric Force numeric output instead of printing names.
--old-style Print in old style. This is important for tools and GUIs that are scanning the output.
-1 --one-job Execute only the first job and exit. This is a shortcut for »--job-limit 1«.
-o --overwrite Overwrite already existing files without warning.
-p --part part Define a primary WBFS file or partition. Multiple usage possible.
--pmode p-mode This options set the prefix mode for listed or extracted files. One of the following values is allowed: AUTO, NONE, POINT, ID, NAME, INDEX, COMBI. The default value is 'AUTO'.
--prealloc [=mode] This option enables or disables the disc space preallocation. If enabled the tools try to allocate disc space for the new files before writing the data. This reduces the fragmentation but also disables the sparse effect for preallocated areas.

The optional parameter decides the preallocation mode: OFF (or 0), SMART (or 1), ALL (or 2). If no parameter is set, ALL is used.

Mode 'OFF' disables the preallocation. Mode 'SMART' looks into the source disc to find out the writing areas. SMART is only available for ISO, CISO and WBFS file types. For other file types ALL is used instead. Mode 'ALL' (the default) preallocate the whole destination file. Because of the large holes in plain ISO images, the SMART mode is used for ISOs instead.

-P --progress Print progress counter independent of verbose level.
--psel list This option set the scrubbing mode and defines, which disc partitions are handled. It expects a comma separated list of keywords, numbers and names; all together called parameter. All parameters are case insensitive and non ambiguous abbreviations of keywords are allowed.

Each parameter becomes a rule and each rule is appended to a rule list. Rules prefixed by a minus sign are DENY rules. Rules prefixed by a plus sign or without a prefix are ALLOW rules. Each partition is compared with each rule until a rule matches the partition. If a match it found, the partition is enabled for a ALLOW rule or disabled for a DENY rule.

The allowed keywords are: DATA, UPDATE, CHANNEL, PTAB0 .. PTAB3, ID, ALL, WHOLE and RAW. The following input formats are accepted too: ptype, #index, #<index, #<=index, #>index, #>=index and #tab_index.part_index.

-q --quiet Be quiet and print only error messages.
--raw Abbreviation of »--psel RAW«.
--rdepth depth Set the maximum recurse depth for option --recurse. The default search depth is 10.
--recover Format a WBFS in recover mode: Write the WBFS sector, but don't reset the disc info area. Then look into each disc slot to find valid discs and restore them.
-r --recurse path If path is not a directory, then it is used as a simple source file like --source.

Directories are scanned for source files recursively. The option --rdepth limits the search depth. Hidden files and hidden sub directories (file names begins with a point) and files with non supported file types (non ISO files for most commands) are ignored without notification.

--region region This patching option defines the region of the disc. The region is one of JAPAN, USA, EUROPE, KOREA, FILE or AUTO (default). The case of the keywords is ignored. Unsigned numbers are also accepted.
-R --remove Remove source files/discs if operation is successful. If the source is an extracted file systems (FST) it isn't removed.
--repair mode This option defines how to repair WBFS errors. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: NONE, FBT, INODES, STANDARD, RM-INVALID, RM-OVERLAP, RM-FREE, RM-EMPTY, RM-ALL, ALL.

All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.

--rm-files ruleset This patching option defines filter rules to remove real files and directories from the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.
--scan-progress Print a message for each found image while scanning the file system.
--sections Print in machine readable sections and parameter lines.
--set-time time Use given time instead of current time.
-+ --show list This option allows fine control over the things that are to be printed. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: NONE, INTRO, HEADER, SLOTS, GEOMETRY, D-ID, P-ID, P-TAB, P-INFO, P-MAP, D-MAP, W-MAP, TICKET, TMD, USAGE, PATCH, RELOCATE, FILES, UNUSED, OFFSET, SIZE, PATH and ALL. There are some combined keys: ID := D-ID,P-ID, PART := P-INFO,P-ID,P-MAP,TICKET,TMD, DISC := FILES,D-ID,D-MAP, MAP := P-MAP,D-MAP,W-MAP.

All keywords can be prefixed by '+' to enable that option, by a '-' to disable it or by a '=' to enable that option and disable all others.

The additional keywords DEC and HEX can be used to set a prefered number format. -HEADER suppresses the output of header lines.

The commands recognize only some of these keywords and ignore the others. If --show is set, option --long is ignored for selecting output elements.

-s --size size Define then total size of a WBFS file. 'size' is a floating number optionally followed by one of the single letter factors 'kKmMgGtT'. This value is only used while creating a new WBFS file.
-S --sort list Define the sort mode for listings. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords: NONE, NAME, TITLE, PATH, NINTENDO, FILE, SIZE, OFFSET, REGION, WBFS, NPART, FRAGMENTS, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, TIME = DATE, DEFAULT, ASCENDING, DESCENDING = REVERSE.
--source path Use the entered file or directory as source.

Directories are expanded to all containing files but hidden files (file names begins with a point) are ignored. If a command needs only images then non image files of the directory are ignored without notification. The option --no-expand suppress the directory expansion.

-z --split Enable output file splitting. The default split size is 4 GB.
-Z --split-size sz Enable output file splitting and define a split size. The parameter 'sz' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). The default unit is 'G' (GiB).
-y --sync Synchronize the destination with all sources: Remove and copy discs until the destination WBFS contains exactly the same discs as all sources together. Remove and add only discs in respect to the include and exclude lists.
--sync-all Synchronize the destination with all sources like --sync. But use the include and exclude lists only to create the sync list and remove all disc on the destination WBFS that are not part of the sync list.
--technical Force a technical output instead of user friendly text. --tech is a short cut for --technical.
-t --test Run in test mode, modify nothing.

>>> USE THIS OPTION IF UNSURE! <<<

--ticket-id id This patching option changes the ID of ticket.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --ticket-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--time list Set time printing and sorting mode. The parameter is a comma separated list of the following keywords, case is ignored: RESET, OFF, ON, SINGLE, MULTI, NONE, ALL, I, M, C, A, DATE, TIME, SEC, IDATE, MDATE, CDATE, ADATE, ITIME, MTIME, CTIME, ATIME, ISEC, MSEC, CSEC, ASEC.
-T --titles file Read file for disc titles. -T0 disables titles lookup.
--tmd-id id This patching option changes the ID of tmd.bin to the given parameter. 1 to 4 characters are expected. Only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 4 characters. Option --tmd-id overrides the definition of option --id.
--trunc Truncate a PLAIN ISO images to the needed size while creating.
--tt-id id This is a short cut for »--ticket id --tmd id«. If TICKET and TMD differ, the game will freeze after loading. So it make sense to change only TICKET and TMD IDs together.
-U --unique Eliminate multiple entries with same values.
-u --update Copy only non existing discs.
--utf-8 Enables UTF-8 support for filenames (default).
-v --verbose Be verbose and print more progress information. Multiple usage is possible: Progress counter is enabled if set at least two times. Extended logging is enabled if set at least four times. The impact of the other verbose levels are command dependent.
-V --version Stop parsing the command line, print a version info and exit.
-B --wbfs Set image output file type to WBFS (Wii Backup File System, default).
--wbfs-alloc mode Select one WBFS block allocation modus:

FIRST: Use always the first free WBFS block. NO-FRAG: Find large blocks to minimize fragmentation. AUTO (=default): Use modus NO-FRAG for partitions >=20GiB and modus FIRST for partitions <20GiB and for files.

--wbfs-id id This patching option changes the ID of the WBFS header to the given parameter if adding a file to a WBFS or if creating a WBFS file. 1 to 6 characters are expected. The already patched disc ID of the source is used as base and only defined characters not equal '.' are modified. The plus sign '+' is a wildcard for multiple '.' to fill the complete entered ID to 6 characters. Option --wbfs-id overrides the definition of option --id.
-W --wdf [=param] Set the image output file type to WDF (Wii Disc Format). The output format is either WDFv1 or WDFv2. It depends of the input file format and of the aligning. --wdf=param is a short cut for »--wdf --align-wdf=param«.
--wdf1 [=param] Set image output file type to WDF and force version 1. --wdf1=param is a short cut for »--wdf1 --align-wdf=param«.
--wdf2 [=param] Set image output file type to WDF and force version 2. --wdf2=param is a short cut for »--wdf2 --align-wdf=param«.
--wia [=compr] Set image output file type to WIA (Wii ISO Archive). The optional parameter is a compression mode and --wia=mode is a shortcut for »--wia --compression mode«.
--width width Define the width (number of columns) for help and some other messages and disable the automatic detection of the terminal width.
--wss size Define WBFS sector size. The parameter 'size' is a floating point number followed by an optional unit factor (one of 'cb' [=1] or 'kmgtpe' [base=1000] or 'KMGTPE' [base=1024]). Only power of 2 values larger or equal 1024 are accepted. If not set the WBFS sector size is calculated automatically.
--xhelp Stop parsing the command line and print a help message with all commands included. Exit after printing.
--zero-files ruleset This patching option defines filter rules to zero (set size to zero) real files of the FST of the DATA partition. Fake signing of the TMD is necessary. The processing order of file options is: »--rm-files --zero-files --ignore-files«.